Oyster mushrooms – a umami low fodmap option for IBS

It is autumn and the evenings are becoming darker. It is the season for mushrooms and many people really miss mushrooms when following the low fodmap diet. But if you are following the Kings College Low FODMAP diet oyster mushrooms are suitable. They are not as available as a few years ago and are now usually found in the section labelled up as wild mushrooms – so perhaps suitable for a treat only.

Mushrooms have an umami flavour – an earthy, complex meaty flavour that is very important particularly if you are vegan and missing the deep, rich flavour that meat offers. Mushroom also offers a texture that is robust, filling and satisfying. This is the flavour provided by glutamate (the natural variant of mono-sodium glutamate – MSG, a food additive) a chemical that in the past has been implicated in Chinese or Asian food intolerance or ‘Chinese restaurant syndrome’. It might be the FODMAP content rather than the glutamate that lead to perhaps some gastrointestinal upset in some people and not specifically the glutamate content – we have no evidence that ‘Chinese restaurant syndrome’ exists from eating food where MSG has been added (see the Compound Interest info-graphic above.) Some foods containing glutamate listed above also contain histamine, which also is implicated in developing symptoms such as palpitations, chest pain, headaches, asthma, flushing and gastrointestinal upset. They are cheese, fermented foods such as miso and tomato. These foods are possibly the foods which might have lead to Chinese Restaurant syndrome, although this reaction is likely to occur infrequently. If you do suspect a histamine intolerance and have the symptoms above see a dietitian who will provide help for you to check if you have. Please avoid information from the internet on histamine intolerance, as it is usually far too restrictive and might lead to nutritional deficiencies. Although actually we have no evidence that most people with IBS have histamine intolerance – in my opinion we need much more research in histamine reactions.

Who wouldn’t want to have this fantastic flavouring naturally found in mushroom, parmesan and soy sauce? I have developed a recipe for you. You can replace the parmesan with a vegan alternative, if you wish, and it really doesn’t change the flavour. Risotto is such a tasty filling meal for autumn evenings this recipe contains lots of umami from white miso, oyster mushrooms and parmesan cheese. Do enjoy it!

Ingredients

  • 160g Oyster mushrooms
  • 1 tablespoon oil
  • 250g arborio (risotto) rice
  • 15g white miso diluted with 700ml boiling water
  • 20g vegan or standard parmesan
  • 50g toasted pine nuts
  • 3-4 sprigs of thyme
  • additional grated parmesan

Method

  • Now the only rule really in making risotto is that you shouldn’t leave it alone for a second! It takes time to prepare but it is worthwhile putting that additional work in – you get out what you put in.
  • Grate the parmesan and set aside.
  • Toast the pine nuts in a drizzle of oil until they are brown -watch them closely as they can easily burn. Set aside to cool and then add the thyme (chopped) and mix well.
  • Add the oil to the pan and gently fry the mushrooms for 5 minutes. Then add rice to the pan and cook to 2 minutes.
  • Start to incorporate the miso based stock slowly to the pan over 10-15 minutes and keep stirring – this will prevent the rice from sticking to the pan.
  • The rice is ready when it is al dente (slightly firm to bite)
  • You may need additional liquid – water is suitable – depending on the rice you use.
  • At this point stir in the grated parmesan and serve topped with toasted pine nuts and extra grated parmesan to taste (you shouldn’t need any seasoning as the flavours are deep but add some at this point after tasting the dish if you wish.)
  • Enjoy!

Got Leftovers? A Christmas rice salad Low FODMAP and Gluten Free

DSCF1100modI have a hobby – I collect vintage Christmas decorations. The one in the picture, the watering can, was part of my granddad’s Christmas decorations and I remember it when we used to visit his house. It does look a little the worse for wear now, and granddad passed away a number of years ago, but I have happy memories when I use it so I would not throw it away. I have a number of other family decorations that come out every year and I have also bought some more – second-hand, this year. A number of the shops are selling vintage look baubles – but in my view you can’t beat the real thing! Using second-hand or ‘left overs’ is a really good idea – too much in life is disposable these days and this is a really environmentally friendly and economical way of living.

I have made this recipe using chicken as we had some chicken to use up, but it can also be used with turkey leftovers, I am sure you will have some to spare!

Ingredients

150 g Brown basmati rice

30 g Wild rice

20 g Camargue red rice

1 Tablespoon of garlic Infused oil

15 g Fresh Tarragon

2 Chicken breasts

1 Tablespoon of grained mustard gluten-free

1 Tablespoon of light mayonnaise (gluten-free or egg free mayonnaise if needed)

40 g pine nuts

5 Radishes

5cm Slice of cucumber

Salt + pepper to taste.

Fresh salad leaves to decorate

Serves 3-4

Method

If using fresh turkey or chicken coat the meat in oil and chop the tarragon and add it to the chicken – roast in an oven till cooked. Cool quickly. If using cooked meat then add the oil and tarragon to the rice and use the meat cold.

Add the rice to a pan with water and simmer till cooked and soft, cool quickly.

Mix the mayo and grained mustard together and add to the rice with the chicken, pine nuts, sliced radishes and chopped cucumber add salt + pepper to taste and serve.

If you are sensitive to resistant starches this dish can be served freshly cooked and hot – just serve the radish and cucumber on the side of the plate.

I wish all my readers a happy calm gut holiday!

http://www.digsdigs.com/40-beautiful-vintage-christmas-tree-ideas/

LOFFLEX Recipes – second edition (recipes are Dairy Free, Milk Free, Gluten & Wheat Free)

LOFFLEX Mushroom & Courgette Risotto (serves 1) by Kirrily Gunn RD

1 tsp Rapeseed oil

1 clove of garlic

80g of sliced mushrooms

80g peeled courgette cut into thin strips

80g arborio or risotto rice

300 mls of unsweetened soya milk

1 tsp Tamari (check  – wheat and gluten free)

2 tsp chopped fresh parsley leaves

Salt + pepper to taste

Cold water as required (approx 200-300mls)

Method

Cut garlic clove into quarters and fry in oil to flavour it – remove clove quarters when cooked (or use garlic flavoured oil)

Saute the mushrooms and courgette in the flavoured oil

Once the vegetables start to soften add the rice, cooking for 2 minutes until the edges of the rice go translucent

Add tamari, chopped parsley and pepper and stir

Slowly add quantities of the soya milk, stirring continuously adding more milk as required as it is absorbed by the rice

Once all the milk has been used continue the process with cold water until the rice has softened to a risotto consistency (al dente)

Taste and flavour as required with salt, extra pepper, parsley and tamari

Serve hot, topped with dairy free cheese, if desired (check against your suitable ingredient list)

Please note this recipe is not suitable for FODMAPs diet, cook without mushrooms to make it FODMAP free.

Suitable for Vegetarian, Dairy Free, Milk Free, Gluten & Wheat Free

Pear and Plum Fairy Cakes by Faye Morton RD

(serves 12)

Ingredients

You can use icing sugar if desired to decorate - no colours or flavourings should be added

150g rice flour

75g soft brown sugar

6 tablespoons sunflower oil

3 tablespoons golden syrup

1 1/2 teaspoons of gluten-free baking powder

3/4 teaspoon bicarbonate of soda

60g pears (tinned)

60g plums (stewed)

Method

Pre heat the oven 190 C/gas mark 5

Mix flour with bicarbonate of soda and baking powder

Add sugar and the fruit mix together

Add the oil and golden syrup and beat the ingredients together

Put into silicone or paper cases and bake in the oven for 25 minutes.

Please note Fairy Cakes are not suitable for FODMAPs diets.

Vegetarian, Dairy Free, Milk Free, Gluten & Wheat Free